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Lurker the Second
11-04-2007, 14:45:05
The Perfect Bacon Sandwich Decoded: Crisp and Crunchy

By ALAN COWELL
Published: April 11, 2007

LONDON, April 10 — Should it be slithery or scrunchy, glutinous or grilled? The answer, British scientists say, may be divined by a formula: N = C + {fb(cm) · fb(tc)} + fb(Ts) + fc · ta.
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Researchers at Leeds University found that crisp bacon on white bread makes the perfect bacon sandwich.

That is the scientific answer to the question: what makes the perfect bacon sandwich?

And, no, it is not April 1.

Researchers at Leeds University spent more than 1,000 hours testing 700 variants on the traditional bacon sandwich, which many Britons refer to as a bacon butty (eschewing the term sandwich, said to have been coined to honor the fourth Earl of Sandwich’s habit of eating meat between slices of bread around 1762).

For Britons, butties come in a variety of guises — chip butties (French fries between slices of bread), crisp butties (ditto with potato chips) or even sugar butties, which are self-explanatory. None are viewed as especially healthful.

There are some finer points in the language, if not the cuisine. A sandwich containing sausages, for instance, is likely to be referred as a sausage sarnie, while sausages served with mashed potatoes are called bangers and mash.

There is no easy explanation for this.

Even the bacon butty, though alliterative, is sometimes etymologically challenged, as in a recent posting on the Web site of The Yorkshire Post relating to the study at Leeds University.

“Perhaps another few minutes on research would have told them that a butty is a slice of buttered bread with a topping; a bacon sarnie is what they are describing,” said a contributor who signed himself Joey Pica.

But Graham Clayton, who led the research, said the endeavor had been an earnest attempt, commissioned by the Danish Bacon and Food Council, the British subsidiary of a Danish pig producers’ organization, to determine what degree of crispiness and crunchiness made the perfect sandwich.

The company’s announcement of the research last Sunday made no reference to other criteria like cholesterol, carbohydrates or other dietary attributes of the perfect butty. Chloe Joint, a spokeswoman for Danish Bacon’s public relations company, Porter Novelli, declined to say how much the study cost.

The research combined four types of cooking, using grills, pans and ovens, three kinds of oil and four types of bacon — smoked, unsmoked, streaky and thick cut — to establish the preferences of 50 tasters in such matters as the butty’s tactile and aural crunchiness. The study also considered a broad range of condiments (like ketchup and brown sauce) and spreads.

It concluded that the best bacon butties were made with crisply grilled, not-too-fat bacon between thick slices of white bread.

Eureka!

“We often think that it’s the taste and smell of bacon that consumers find most attractive,” Dr. Clayton said in a news release. “But our research proves that texture and sound is just, if not more, important.”

In a telephone interview, he also acknowledged that tasters made comments about fat. “If there was too much fat from the cooking process, that was a turnoff for people,” he said. Leathery bacon was a no-no, too, he added.

“We are programmed to avoid leathery food as old and not very good,” he said. That wisdom does not seem to prevail, however, among some of the more basic vendors of bacon butties at roadside halts or cafes known generically as greasy spoons to denote their customary modes of cooking and hygiene.

In the experiment, some of the tasters sampled between four and six bacon sandwiches a day for three or four days.

And so the formula evolved to establish the amount of force in the bite, expressed in newtons, and the level of noise, expressed in decibels, to make the perfect crunch.

Ideally, Danish Bacon said, 0.4 newtons should be applied to crunch the sandwich, creating 0.5 decibels of noise. The formula uses these values: N = force in newtons; fb is the function of the bacon type; fc is the function of the condiment or filling effect; Ts is the serving temperature; tc is cooking time; ta is the time taken to insert the condiment or filling; cm is the cooking method and C represents the breaking strain in newtons of uncooked bacon.

“It’s not a hoax,” Dr. Clayton said, acknowledging that, a few days ago — on April 1, to be precise — it might have been taken as one.

I wonder how this applies when you use Canadian bacon?

Funko
11-04-2007, 14:47:08
I think what you call Canadian bacon is what we call back bacon, which is standard/most common bacon for a bacon sandwich.

So, it applies to Canadian bacon.

Dyl Ulenspiegel
11-04-2007, 14:55:07
I wonder how this applies to american cheese?

Lurker the Second
11-04-2007, 14:57:42
That research is top secret.

MDA
11-04-2007, 15:05:07
and so are the ingredients in the cheese

Funko
11-04-2007, 15:11:23
What if one of the ingredients in the cheese was bacon? Mmmm. Bacon and cheese.

Dyl Ulenspiegel
11-04-2007, 15:29:46
Bacon-flavoured cheese spread - not bad, but not as good as it sounds.

Venom
11-04-2007, 15:31:16
Canadian bacon is ham. That is final.

Funko
11-04-2007, 15:31:51
No, I mean cheese with real bacon in. Maybe layers of bacon between layers of cheese. Then slice it for a tasty sandwich, or to go on a burger.

Funko
11-04-2007, 15:32:13
Originally posted by Venom
Canadian bacon is ham. That is final.

Not according to wikipedia.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacon

Venom
11-04-2007, 15:53:46
According to Candians bacon is back bacon. Canadian Bacon is ham.

Funko
11-04-2007, 15:56:16
Canadian bacon, as in the American interpretation (Back Bacon) actually is rarely eaten by Canadians unless in fast food breakfast sandwiches from American chain restaurants.

The ham entry has no mention of bacon in it.

Venom
11-04-2007, 15:58:13
Obviously entered by a Canadian.

Funko
11-04-2007, 15:58:42
Ham you don't need to cook before you eat it, bacon you do. Also, bacon is sides, back and belly of a pig, ham is thigh and buttock.

Lurker the Second
11-04-2007, 16:10:13
Raw ham? Jeezus.

Funko
11-04-2007, 16:16:27
Yes.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ham

Funko
11-04-2007, 16:20:07
Well, it's not raw, it's cured. But you don't need to cook it to eat it.

Funko
11-04-2007, 16:27:43
Having chatted to Venom on MSN.

Sounds like Canadian Bacon is Back Bacon, as I suggested, but with the tasty fat cut off, and you often buy it in a long roll (like a ham) rather than cut into rashers. eg.

http://www.lobels.com/graphics/meatpicssmall/bacon_canadian_sm.jpg
http://www.foodsubs.com/Photos/canadianbacon.jpg

Venom
11-04-2007, 16:30:20
So it's hammy bacon.

Lurker the Second
11-04-2007, 16:31:25
Originally posted by Funko
Well, it's not raw, it's cured. But you don't need to cook it to eat it.

Of course. Don't know what I was thinking. :beer:

Fistandantilus
11-04-2007, 16:34:01
I thought I knew the difference between ham and bacon.
But that was before opening this thread.

Dyl Ulenspiegel
11-04-2007, 19:16:08
Who cares, as long as it tastes good.

Koshko
12-04-2007, 06:06:31
The real question is how can you eat something called 'butty'?

Drekkus
12-04-2007, 07:51:55
SPAM!!!

MoSe
12-04-2007, 09:20:39
sides? back????

by us bacon is "pancetta", meaning "belly"
period

then there's a rarer "guanciale" coming from the cheeks

I think that the thing in the picture is called "lonza" here, and is more often sold as a meat cut to be cooked

MoSe
12-04-2007, 09:22:20
Originally posted by Koshko
The real question is how can you eat something called 'butty'?
weeeelllll, what about "butter" itself then????

makes me consider Last Tango in Paris under a new light

Fistandantilus
12-04-2007, 09:28:15
Originally posted by MoSe

by us bacon is "pancetta", meaning "belly"
period


Ok but


Ham you don't need to cook before you eat it, bacon you do.


This doesn't make sense then...

Funko
12-04-2007, 09:32:47
Most important distinction is the cut. Ham is legs, bacon is side, back or belly.

Mostly (not always) ham is cured and sold in a form where you can eat it cold without any further cooking and mostly (not always) bacon is bought in a form where you need to cook it before you eat it.

I don't think the Italian forms directly map onto English names and cuts. Wheras we call various cuts different types of bacon, you probably have entirely different names for them. And we would call pancetta, pancetta because it's different from our belly/streaky bacon.